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Open Access Journals


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DOAJ is a unique and extensive index of diverse open access journals from around the world, driven by a growing community, committed to ensuring quality content is freely available online for everyone.


We commit to the transformative journal criteria. We are piloting transformative journal status for more than 160 journals from across our portfolio.Find out more about transformative journals


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Open access (OA) is a set of principles and a range of practices through which research outputs are distributed online, free of access charges or other barriers.[1] Under some models of open access publishing, barriers to copying or reuse are also reduced or removed by applying an open license for copyright.[1]


The main focus of the open access movement is "peer reviewed research literature".[2] Historically, this has centered mainly on print-based academic journals. Whereas non-open access journals cover publishing costs through access tolls such as subscriptions, site licenses or pay-per-view charges, open-access journals are characterised by funding models which do not require the reader to pay to read the journal's contents, relying instead on author fees or on public funding, subsidies and sponsorships. Open access can be applied to all forms of published research output, including peer-reviewed and non peer-reviewed academic journal articles, conference papers, theses,[3] book chapters,[1] monographs,[4] research reports and images.[5]


Since the revenue of most open access journals is earned from publication fees charged to the authors, OA publishers are motivated to increase their profits by accepting low-quality papers and by not performing thorough peer review.[6][7] On the other hand, the prices for OA publications in the most prestigious journals have exceeded 5,000 US$ per article, making such publishing model unaffordable to a large number of researchers. This increase in publishing cost has been called the "Open-Access Sequel to [the] Serials Crisis".[8]


Different open access types are currently commonly described using a colour system. The most commonly recognised names are "green", "gold", and "hybrid" open access; however, a number of other models and alternative terms are also used.


Many gold OA publishers charge an article processing charge (APC), which is typically paid through institutional or grant funding. The majority of gold open access journals charging APCs follow an "author-pays" model,[13]although this is not an intrinsic property of gold OA.[14]


Self-archiving by authors is permitted under green OA. Independently from publication by a publisher, the author also posts the work to a website controlled by the author, the research institution that funded or hosted the work, or to an independent central open repository, where people can download the work without paying.[16]


Hybrid open-access journals contain a mixture of open access articles and closed access articles.[17][18] A publisher following this model is partially funded by subscriptions, and only provide open access for those individual articles for which the authors (or research sponsor) pay a publication fee.[19] Hybrid OA generally costs more than gold OA and can offer a lower quality of service.[20] A particularly controversial practice in hybrid open access journals is "double dipping", where both authors and subscribers are charged.[21]


Journals that publish open access without charging authors article processing charges are sometimes referred to as diamond[23][24][25] or platinum[26][27] OA. Since they do not charge either readers or authors directly, such publishers often require fu




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